Michael Fred Phelps was born 30 June 1985 is an American swimmer who has generally won 16 Olympic medals, six gold and two bronze in Athens in 2004, and eight gold in Beijing in 2008. His five gold medals in individual events tied the single-Games record by Eric He iden in the 1980 Winter Olympics and equaled by Vitaly Scherbo 1992 Summer Games.
Phelps won the 200 meter freestyle, 200m back and 100m butterfly. He became the first American swimmer to win three races in three different strokes at a national championship. At the 2003 World Aquatics Championships, Phelps won four gold, two silver medal sand broke five world records.